Jehoash

Jehoash
   Jehovah-given.
   1) The son of King Ahaziah. While yet an infant, he was saved from the general massacre of the family by his aunt Jehosheba, and was apparently the only surviving descendant of Solomon (2 Chr. 21:4, 17). His uncle, the high priest Jehoiada, brought him forth to public notice when he was eight years of age, and crowned and anointed him king of Judah with the usual ceremonies. Athaliah was taken by surprise when she heard the shout of the people, "Long live the king;" and when she appeared in the temple, Jehoiada commanded her to be led forth to death (2 Kings 11:13-20). While the high priest lived, Jehoash favoured the worship of God and observed the law; but on his death he fell away into evil courses, and the land was defiled with idolatry. Zechariah, the son and successor of the high priest, was put to death. These evil deeds brought down on the land the judgement of God, and it was oppressed by the Syrian invaders. He is one of the three kings omitted by Matthew (1:8) in the genealogy of Christ, the other two being Ahaziah and Amaziah. He was buried in the city of David (2 Kings 12:21). (See Joash4.)
   2) The son and successor of Jehoahaz, king of Israel (2 Kings 14:1; comp. 12:1; 13:10). When he ascended the throne the kingdom was suffering from the invasion of the Syrians. Hazael "was cutting Israel short." He tolerated the worship of the golden calves, yet seems to have manifested a character of sincere devotion to the God of his fathers. He held the prophet Elisha in honour, and wept by his bedside when he was dying, addressing him in the words Elisha himself had used when Elijah was carried up into heaven: "O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel and the horsemen thereof." He was afterwards involved in war with Amaziah, the king of Judah (2 Chr. 25:23-24), whom he utterly defeated at Beth-shemesh, on the borders of Dan and Philistia, and advancing on Jerusalem, broke down a portion of the wall, and carried away the treasures of the temple and the palace. He soon after died (B.C. 825), and was buried in Samaria (2 Kings 14:1-17, 19, 20). He was succeeded by his son. (See Joash5.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • JEHOASH — (Heb. יוֹאָשׁ ,יְהוֹאָשׁ; The Lord has given ), son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel (reigned 801–785 B.C.E.). Jehoash shared the throne with his father for two years or more. When the resumption of King Adad Nirari III of Assyria s military campaigns …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jehoash — or Joash ( Jehovah given ), was the name of eight men in the Bible. Two of them were kings. * Jehoash of Judah, king of Judah * Jehoash of Israel, king of Israel * Yehoash (Blumgarten) (1871 – 1927), Yiddish language poet * Joash son of Azariah,… …   Wikipedia

  • Jehoash of Judah — Jehoash (יהואש המלך) ( Jehovah given ), sometimes written Joash, was the king of the ancient Kingdom of Judah, and sole surviving son of Ahaziah. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 837 BC 800 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 835 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Jehoash of Israel — Jehoash (יהואש המלך), was the king of the ancient Kingdom of Israel and the son of Jehoahaz, ( 2 Kings 14:1; compare 12:1; 13:10). When he ascended the throne, the Kingdom of Israel was suffering from the predations of the Arameans; Hazael was… …   Wikipedia

  • Jehoash Inscription — In January 2003, an artifact, dubbed the Jehoash Inscription, appeared in Israel. It was rumored to have surfaced in the construction site or in the Muslim cemetery near the Temple Mount of Jerusalem. It supposedly described repairs made to the… …   Wikipedia

  • HIRSHBERG, JEHOASH — (Yehoash; 1938– ), Israeli musicologist. In 1955–62 he studied violin and music theory at the Music Academy in Tel Aviv. He continued his education at the University of Pennsylvania (1966–71) where he wrote a Ph.D. thesis on the theme The music… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bloomgarden, Solomon (Jehoash; Yehoash) — (1870 1927)    American Yiddish poet and author of Lithuanian origin. He emigrated to the US in 1890. He wrote dramas, poems, fables, folktales and stories, and translated the Bible into Yiddish. With C. D. Spivak he compiled a dictionary of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • KINGDOMS OF JUDAH AND ISRAEL — samuel and the beginnings of israelite monarchy the united david solomon division of the the earliest kings the last days of samaria. the kingdom of judah until its destruction Samuel and Saul: The Beginnings of Israelite Monarchy Our earliest… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • 2 Kings 14 — 1 In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah. 2 He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother s name was… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • 2 Kings 12 — 1 In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother s name was Zibiah of Beersheba. 2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest …   The King James version of the Bible

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